I know that we Muslims hold heartiest desire in our hearts to feast our souls with the holistic view of the grand Black Square. Yes it’s none other than our great Grand Black Square known as the Holy Kaaba of our beloved Masjid e Haram.
We strive with all best possible ways to get different sorts of friendly Umrah and Hajj Packages to land our feet on this Holiest Arabian place at least once in our lifetime.
We all know that the entire Muslim world commemorates this charismatic place with lots and lots of respect. Even the thought of this majestic place creates a spiritual craving to experience its spiritual showers.
This four walled Black cubic structure is also known with another name Bait Al Ateeq which means ‘Ancient House’
Kaaba Kiswah- An Enchanted Source of Kaaba Beauty
Have you ever thought that why the enchanted Black Square that we want to touch or kiss looks beatific? It is because of none other than the majestic Black curtain that proudly covers it. This cover is known as Kiswah.
Kaaba Kiswah- A Consistent Kaaba Component
Do you know that Kaaba has been built and rebuilt several times in the history? But one thing that has always remained consistent is the beautiful Kaaba cloth that covers this Holiest construction.
This cloth holds utmost significance in the hearts of Arabs and Muslims alike. It is changed at two different times every year.
Beginning of Kiswah Cloth Tradition
In terms of the beginning or origin of the covering of Kaaba, the Islamic history gives us two options. These are in
The scholars report that the history of covering the Kaaba is an ancient one since the Kaaba was used as a Muslim epicenter of worship and prayers. It is speculated that the covering of Kaaba was first done by the Holy Prophet ( SAW)’s forefathers like Prophet Ibrahim and Prophet Ismail.
Post Prophetic Period of Caliphate
All the historians of Arabia and Middle East form a unanimous decision that the Muslim holiest Kaaba was never left uncovered. In fact the appeasing task of Kaaba covering has always been a matter of immense pride and privilege in the whole Arabian world.
Later after the Holy Prophet ( SAW)’s time, the Kiswah cloth matter came under the consideration of Caliphate period.
It is still very important and an indelible part of Governmental obligation.
Materials of Kaaba Cloth
After rubbing your hands on Kaaba, you would feel that it is made of black soft silk draped over the four walls of the Square. The whole Muslim world vigorously participated in providing with the best quality cloth material for the Kaaba covering.
During the Holy Prophet (SAW)’s time, the Kiswah cloth was brought from Yemen.
Later on after the Prophet (SAW)’s time Egypt became the epicenter of Kiswah cloth preparation. The Egyptian craftsmanship worked tireless to create complex designs with all sorts of the topmost quality material.
You know that in Ottoman period the world’s best embroiders and weavers were selected for this Royal job of Kiswah construction.
Kaaba Cloth as Royal Arabian Gift
You know that Old Kaaba cloth is keenly cut into pieces as an unprecedented gem of Arabian treasure. These beauteous Kiswah pieces are given as Saudi Souvenirs and Divine gifts mostly to the VIPs.
Kiswah and its Parts
You may have studied about the 4 parts of Black Square Structure. But do you know about parts of Kiswah?
Kiswah consists of three main parts which are the following
It is the curtain of the Kaaba door. It is 6.5 meters high and 3.5 meters wide. It is composed of black silk with thick green silk lining. Here you would see an appealing inscription of Verses of Quran and eye catching embroidery of Islamic designs on it. All these are covered in sliver wiring plated with gold.
The Cloth Lining inside the Kaaba
It is the Kaaba cloth lining that covers inside of the Kaaba. This cloth covering of inside building is hand woven and prepared with an utmost accuracy and genuine artistry.
Its adornment is completed after several subtle phases which begin with the dyeing of green silk. Later on the Verses and designs are first drawn and printed onto the green silk. After this the printers hand it over to the super perfect embroiders for the final embroidery.
Unlike the other two Kiswah parts, this internal lining of Kiswah cloth is changed after every 3 to 5 years.
It is the third last part of the Kiswah cloth. It is called Hizam or belt of the Kaaba. It is an exalted showcase of inimitable Islamic artwork. This jaw dropping Kaaba cloth piece is placed two-thirds of the way between ground and the top of the Kaaba. It is 47 Meters in length and 95 cm in width.
Kiswa Factory of Makkah
These parts of Kiswah cloth are made in 5 subtle stages in the Kiswah special factory of Makkah which is known as Al Kiswah factory in Makkah.